[From Latin abstractus: drawn away or out from, derived, removed, separated.]

  1. (metaphysics) The doctrine that ideas or abstractions actually exist; see idealism and Platonism.

  2. (epistemology) The view that knowledge is gained only through abstraction from particulars; more commonly called conceptualism.

  3. (aesthetics) The doctrine that artistic abstraction is more valuable or important than representation, especially in the visual arts; see modernism and expressionism.

The Ism Book by Peter Saint-Andre

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